So far, there was no biometric identification proof as a result of which lot of social security benefits were going to fake workers or going multiple times to the same person registered in different names.
“In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (3) of section 1 of the Code on Social
Security, 2020 (36 of 2020) read with section 14 of the General Clauses Act, 1897 (10 of 1897), the central government hereby appoints the 3rd day of May, 2021 as the date on which the provisions of section 142 of the said Code shall come into force,” labour ministry said in a recent notification.
Article 142 of the Code on Social Security, 2020 states that employees or unorganised workers must, to register as beneficiaries for social security benefits or avail other social security services, “establish his identity or, as the case may be, the identity of his family members or dependants through Aadhaar number”.
As per the Code, the Aadhaar registration is mandatory for all workers seeking benefit from the government in either kind or cash. These would also include medical and sickness benefit, pension, gratuity, maternity benefit or any other benefit or for withdrawal of fund.
“Further, Aadhaar registration will also be mandatory for availing services of career centre or receiving any payment or medical attendance as insured person (IP) himself or for his dependants,” the Code said.
Notifying this particular provision and making it effective at this time when the Rules for the entire four Codes are yet to be notified and implemented is aimed at preventing misuse of benefits being given to workers during the pandemic including unemployment benefits and medical facilities among others.
Further, the government also wants to ensure that there are no fake beneficiaries as it moves towards universal social security under the Social Security Code, beginning with the coverage of one million gig workers under the scheme.
India’s workforce currently stands at 500 million out of which barely 10% are organised and the rest are unorganised workers with bare minimum or no social security benefits .