Summer crops are planted during March-May, the intervening period between rabi and kharif season which starts with monsoon in June.
“Due to intermittent rains during this period, the moisture content in the soil is suitable for the growth of crops. We expect a good harvest as the water in major reservoirs across the country is around 21% more than the average of last ten years,” said an agriculture ministry official, who did not wish to be identified.
Area under pulses has gone up by 51% from last year to about 8.68 lakh ha while the area under rice has gone up by 7.6% from last year to 38.80 lakh hectare
“The government is encouraging farmers to cultivate summer crops where irrigation facilities are available. This will help raise production of pulses and oilseeds by planting across additional areas,” said the official.
Sowing is progressing well in states including West Bengal, Karnataka, Gujarat, parts of Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. The area under coarse cereals such as maize, bajra and ragi has risen by 27% from last year to 10.86 lakh ha while the oilseeds acreage has also gone up to 9.53 lakh ha.
“More area will come under groundnut as sowing in Gujarat has picked up pace. The rise in prices of oilseeds is motivating farmers to switch from coarse cereals to oilseeds. Over the last three months, prices of edible oil have gone up 45%,” said the official.
Area under summer crops as on April 9, 2021
|Crops||Area in 2021||Area in 2020||% increase|
Area in lakh hectares, Source-Agriculture ministry