Considered among the noblest professions, teaching has always drawn a significant number of aspirants as a career option. All across India, qualified educators are required to shape young minds at kindergarten, primary, secondary, senior secondary levels. Lecturers and professors are required to teach at college/university levels.
People who opt for a career in teaching need to be exceptionally qualified as they are responsible for shaping the minds of the future generation of children. To ensure that well trained teachers are available at different institutions, there are a number of teaching exams that can be undertaken.
Different teaching exams are conducted for different levels of education. It is important that any potential educator realise which level of teaching they are interested in. At Prepp, aspirants can browse through various National and State teaching examinations and explore the ones best suited to their requirements.
Top Exams for Teaching Aspirants on Prepp.in
University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test (UGC NET) is a national level examination organized to select candidates for the post of Assistant Professor, or Junior Research Fellowship (JRF), or both. Candidates who clear the NET are eligible to teach at the Graduate/Post Graduate Level. UGC NET is conducted by NTA two times a year: June and December.
Who is Eligible to Appear for UGC NET?
NTA releases a particular set of eligibility requirements for any candidate wanting to take the UGC NET. Eligibility is established on the basis of academic capability and educational qualification of the candidate as specified below:
- Aspirants must obtain at least 55% marks (50% for reserved categories) in Post Graduation degree or equivalent examination from any recognized university.
- Candidates in the final year of their Masters are also qualified to appear in the examination. However, they will be deemed for JRF or professorship only after they pass their final degree examination with at least minimum marks.
- D. degree holders whose post-graduation exam was finished off before September 19, 1991 (irrespective of the timeline of declaration of result) are furnished with an additional relaxation of 5 percent in the minimum marks prerequisite.
UGC NET 2021 Significant Dates
|UGC NET exam||August 2021 (Tentative)|
|Result||September 2021 (Tentative)|
UGC NET 2021 Syllabus
NTA has revised UGC NET Syllabus 2021 for Paper 1 and Paper 2.
- UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus considers a candidate’s teaching and reasoning proficiency, research ability, diverse reasoning, comprehension, and public comprehension.
- UGC NET Paper 2 Syllabus is established on the basis of the subject opted by the aspirant. It examines the candidate’s in-depth understanding and aptitude in the respective subject. NTA’s UGC NET is organised for an aggregate of 81 subjects.
UGC NET 2021 Exam Pattern
UGC NET Exam is a computer-based examination having multiple-choice problems. UGC NET comprises of two exams – Paper-I and Paper-II. The Structure of Exam for Paper-I and Paper-II is as tabulated below:
|UGC NET Papers||Number of Questions||Maximum Marks||Exam Duration|
|Paper I||50||100||A cumulative exam duration of 3 hours|
CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test)
The Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) is a national category exam, conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), twice a year for inferring the eligibility standards of the candidates. CTET is used as a qualifier to select teachers for Grades I-VIII.
CTET is divided into two papers. Candidates can opt for either one or both as per their teaching preference. Candidates wanting to enroll as educators for Class I-V have to opt for Paper I, while candidates wanting to teach Classes VI-VIII need to opt for Paper-II.
CTET 2021 Eligibility Criteria
Education Criteria: The main prerequisite for appearing for CTET Exam is the completion of senior secondary or graduation with a minimum score of 50% of the total marks and an appropriate teacher training program.
Age Limits: Although there is no particular constraint for age limit, the candidate ought to be of 17 years to give the examination.
CTET 2021 Significant Dates
CTET is conducted annually in 2 sessions – the July session and the December session. The authorized statement for the July session will tentatively be disclosed by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) on the authorized website. The CTET 2021 (July) remains postponed due to the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.
|UGC NET exam||July 2021 (To Be Announced)|
|Result||August 2021 (Tentative)|
CTET 2021 Syllabus
CTET Paper I is for aspirants for Primary Stage Teachers and Paper II is for aspirants for Elementary Stage Teachers. The aspirants can also choose to attempt both the papers. The syllabus for the exams is as given below:
- Paper 1 Syllabus includes Child Development and the study of Pedagogy, where emphasis is given on academic psychology and education of children aged 6-11. The wording section will comprise comprehension, vocabulary development, and hidden passages.
- Paper 2 Syllabus includes 5 sections viz., Child Development and Pedagogy for children aged between 11-14 years.
- Subjects like Language 1, Language 2, Mathematics, and Science and Social Science are the other four sections. Language 1 and Language 2 will incorporate problems from understanding and vernacular development
CTET 2021 Exam Pattern
CTET exam includes 2 papers – Paper 1 (Primary Stage) and Paper 2 (Elementary Stage).
- Paper 1 is for candidates who aspire to educate learners from classes 1 to 5.
- Paper 2 is for candidates who aspire to educate learners from classes 6 to 8.
Every correct answer will be rewarded a +1 mark while an unfavorable marking scheme will not be acceptable for the exam.
Bachelors in Education (B.Ed) is an essential degree for any potential educator. Any person carrying this degree is eligible to teach in schools. It is important to note that a B.Ed or Bachelor of Education is not an undergraduate degree and to follow this program one is required to have finalized their graduation.
B.Ed is an experiential course and right after finishing it, candidates can get employment at the school level. Candidates who wish to teach at senior secondary level are required to have a Postgraduate degree before pursuing B.Ed.
The duration of a standard B.Ed course is two years. Candidates can pursue B.Ed through distance teaching as well as via regular methods. B.Ed course expenditure fluctuates from college to college depending on different parameters such as the kind of organization(government/ private) and method of teaching (regular/distance). However, B.Ed fees in a majority of colleges range from Rs 20,000 to Rs 1,00,000.
B.Ed Eligibility Criteria
- Academic Qualification: Candidates are expected to have completed their graduation in any stream (Arts, Science, or Commerce) to fulfill the B.Ed eligibility criteria. Most B.Ed colleges conduct entrance exams to vet out candidates. Who have finished with at least 50-55% aggregate marks at the UG level.
- Age Limit: For B.Ed entries in a majority of colleges, there is no age limit. However, the admission procedure of some B. Ed universities expect candidates to be of 19 years in age.
B.Ed admission in various colleges and universities is performed on the basis of the entrance exams. The structure of popular B.Ed entrance exams is such that candidates are expected to attempt questions from two or three categories.
The first area assesses the language command, the remaining categories assesses the realm of proficiency and reasoning skill of the candidates
The curriculum of the B.Ed program is formulated in such a way to equip the candidates with all the facets or circumstances that they will have to encounter in their career. The educator has to handle classrooms of multilingual personalities with youth from distinct socio-cultural, financial, and linguistic environments and varying statuses of cognitive mastery.
B.Ed aspirants need to develop an understanding of how learning occurs, establish a desirable or helping environment for comprehension, be able to furnish several alternatives for the learners to identify, investigate, evaluate, and question.The Bachelor of Education program curriculum is constructed such that competitors need to survey the below-mentioned topics:
- Childhood and Growing Up
- Learning and Teaching
- Understanding Disciplines and Subjects
- Contemporary India and Education
B.Ed Entrance Exams
- Dibrugarh University B.Ed CET
- CG Pre-B.Ed
- BHU B.Ed Entrance Exam
- TS EDCET
- Bihar B.Ed CET
- IPU CET
- IGNOU BED
- MAH Integrated B.Ed-M.Ed CET
- DU B.ED and various others
These above exams can be a gateway for the students to bag a job in Teaching. To prepare for such exams, students can explore Prepp.in to study online in this pandemic. Subscribe to the blogs to stay updated with more such information.
Aftab Hussain is a versatile journalist who covers a wide range of news topics with depth and precision. His commitment to delivering unbiased reporting ensures that readers stay well-informed about the most significant events and stories shaping India and the world.