Sickle cell anaemia is a condition that profoundly affects the haemoglobin in our blood, resulting in significant health challenges. The distortion of red blood cells caused by this inherited disorder leads to various bodily complications. Timely treatment is crucial to prevent the condition from worsening, emphasizing the importance of raising awareness about sickle cell anaemia.
Dr Sunit Lokwani, a renowned Consultant in Medical Oncology and Hematology at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital in Indore, aims to educate individuals about this disease and its crucial aspects. Understanding the essentials of sickle cell anaemia becomes vital for every individual in order to promote early detection and appropriate management.
What Is Sickle Cell Anemia?
Sickle Cell Anemia is a genetic disorder and one of the inherited disorders known as sickle cell disease. It can be passed on to a child by their parents. This condition creates an unusual Hb chain in haemoglobin, resulting in a change in the shape of red blood cells. Normally, red blood cells are disc-shaped and flexible to move around the blood vessels. However, in Sickle Cell Anemia, some red blood cells change shape and become crescent or sickle-shaped.
Due to this change in shape, the red blood cells become sticky and rigid, which slows or blocks the blood flow. This blockage prevents haemoglobin from effectively delivering oxygen to every cell in the body, resulting in various health problems. Sickle Cell Anemia is primarily observed in children below 10 years of age.
Symptoms Of Sickle Cell Anemia:
Sickle Cell Anemia can be identified by its symptoms. The affected person may experience intense joint pain, especially during the monsoon or winter season, which is considered a significant symptom of the disease.
Other symptoms include swelling in hands and feet, infections in the body, persistent fatigue, delayed child development, or eye-related problems. If any of these symptoms are observed and not evaluated by a specialist, the condition can become serious.
Treatment Of Sickle Cell Anemia:
Sickle Cell Anemia is a lifelong disease and can only be cured through a blood or bone marrow transplant. However, there are treatments available that can effectively reduce symptoms and prolong life. Antibiotics are the main form of medicine prescribed to affected individuals.
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