Published By: Nibandh Vinod
Last Updated: June 21, 2023, 06:20 IST
SUMMER SOLSTICE 2023:The Summer Solstice, also known as the midsummer or Estival solstice, is a significant astronomical event that marks the longest day of the year. It takes place between June 20 and June 22 and gets its name from the Latin words “sol,” meaning the sun, and “sistere,” meaning to stand still. During this time, the sun reaches its highest point in the sky, resulting in extended daylight hours. The Summer Solstice holds cultural, historical, and scientific importance and is celebrated in various ways worldwide.
WHEN IS THE SUMMER SOLSTICE IN 2023?
In India, the Summer Solstice is scheduled to happen on Wednesday, June 21, precisely at 8:27 pm. Contrary to common belief, the solstice is a specific moment and not an entire day. This astronomical event marks the beginning of longer days for the northern hemisphere.
WHAT CAUSES IT?
The summer solstice occurs in the Northern Hemisphere and signifies the longest day and shortest night of the year. Conversely, in the Southern Hemisphere, it represents the shortest day and longest night. This celestial event is a result of the Earth’s axial tilt, which is approximately 23.4 degrees relative to its orbital plane around the sun.
As the Earth orbits the sun, different regions receive varying amounts of sunlight, leading to the changing of seasons. During the summer solstice, the Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun, resulting in longer daylight hours, higher sun angle, and increased heating, leading to warmer temperatures.
On the contrary, the Southern Hemisphere experiences its winter solstice during this time as it is tilted furthest away from the sun.
The specific date of the summer solstice varies slightly each year, usually falling between June 20 and June 22, depending on the Earth’s position in its orbit. This astronomical event marks the sun reaching its highest point in the sky.
Culturally, the summer solstice is of great significance and has been celebrated in various ways throughout history. Festivals, rituals, and gatherings are held to commemorate this celestial event that has captivated humanity for centuries.
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